Twitter is a free social networking and micro-blogging service that enables its users to send and read messages known as tweets. Tweets are text-based posts of up to 140 characters displayed on the author’s profile page and delivered to the author’s subscribers who are known as followers. Senders can restrict delivery to those in their circle of friends or, by default, allow open access. Users can send and receive tweets via the Twitter website, Short Message Service (SMS) or external applications. While the service costs nothing to use, accessing it through SMS may incur phone service provider fees.
Stairway to Heaven is an upcoming Philippine drama adapted from a Korean drama with the same name; directed by Joyce E. Bernal and developed by Dode Cruz, their third team-up after the highly-successful MariMar and Dyesebel. It stars Dingdong Dantes as Cholo, Rhian Ramos as the ill-fated Jodi, with TJ Trinidad as Tristan and Glaiza de Castro.
The series is set to premiere on September 14, 2009 in the Philippines via GMA Network.
Synopsis: Jodi and Cholo grew up together. They were always there for each other. Tragedy begins when Cholo begins his studies overseas without Jodi. Jodi’s father remarries Maita, who takes in her two children from a previous marriage, Tristan and Eunice. Eunice is envious of the life that Jodi leads and is determined to take everything away from her, including Cholo. Tristan begins to develop feelings for his stepsister, however Jodi still loves Cholo.
Five years later, tragedy occurs when Jodi gets into a car accident causing her to lose her memory. Together with Tristan, they start anew. Jodi is led to believe that she is dead. However, when they meet again one day, he is determined to remind her of the love they had for one another. When fate finally seemed to be on their side, Jodi is diagnosed with eye cancer.
Here’s Taylor Swift’s recent single: You Belong with Me
Tonsillitis is an infection of the tonsils and will often, but not necessarily, cause a sore throat and fever.
There are 3 main types of tonsillitis: acute, subacute and chronic. Acute tonsillitis can either be bacterial or viral in origin. Subacute tonsillitis is caused by the bacterium Actinomyces. Chronic tonsillitis, which can last for long periods if not treated, is mostly caused by bacterial infection.
Symptoms of tonsillitis include a severe sore throat (which may be experienced as referred pain to the ears), painful/difficult swallowing, coughing, headache, myalgia (muscle aches), fever and chills. Tonsillitis is characterized by signs of red, swollen tonsils which may have a purulent exudative coating of white patches (i.e. pus). Swelling of the cheeks and neck may occur.
Tonsillitis may be caused by Group A streptococcal bacteria, resulting in strep throat. Viral tonsillitis may be caused by numerous viruses such as the Epstein-Barr virus (the cause of infectious mononucleosis) or adenovirus.
Sometimes, tonsillitis is caused by a superinfection of spirochaeta and treponema, in this case called Vincent’s angina or Plaut-Vincent angina.
Although tonsillitis is associated with infection, it is currently unknown whether the swelling and other symptoms are caused by the infectious agents themselves, or by the host immune response to these agents. Tonsillitis may be a result of aberrant immune responses to the normal bacterial flora of the nasopharynx.
Treatments of tonsillitis consist of pain management medications and lozenges. If the tonsillitis is caused by bacteria, then antibiotics are prescribed, with penicillin being most commonly used. Erythromycin and Clarithromycin are used for patients allergic to penicillin.
In many cases of tonsillitis, the pain caused by the inflamed tonsils warrants the prescription of topical anesthetics for temporary relief. Viscous lidocaine solutions are often prescribed for this purpose.
Ibuprofen or other analgesics can help to decrease the edema and inflammation, which will ease the pain and allow the patient to swallow liquids sooner.
When tonsillitis is caused by a virus, the length of illness depends on which virus is involved. Usually, a complete recovery is made within one week; however, some rare infections may last for up to two weeks.
Chronic cases may indicate tonsillectomy (surgical removal of tonsils) as a choice for treatment.
Additionally, gargling with a solution of warm water and salt may reduce pain and swelling.
An abscess may develop lateral to the tonsil during an infection, typically several days after the onset of tonsillitis. This is termed a peritonsillar abscess (or quinsy). Rarely, the infection may spread beyond the tonsil resulting in inflammation and infection of the internal jugular vein giving rise to a spreading septicaemia infection (Lemierre’s syndrome).
In chronic/recurrent cases (generally defined as seven episodes of tonsillitis in the preceding year, five episodes in each of the preceding two years or three episodes in each of the preceding three years), or in acute cases where the palatine tonsils become so swollen that swallowing is impaired, a tonsillectomy can be performed to remove the tonsils. Patients whose tonsils have been removed are certainly still protected from infection by the rest of their immune system.
Bacteria feeding on mucus which accumulates in pits (referred to as “crypts”) in the tonsils may produce whitish-yellow deposits known as tonsilloliths. These may emit an odour due to the presence of volatile sulfur compounds.
Hypertrophy of the tonsils can result in snoring, mouth breathing, disturbed sleep, and obstructive sleep apnea, during which the patient stops breathing and experiences a drop in the oxygen content in the bloodstream. A tonsillectomy can be curative.
In very rare cases, diseases like rheumatic fever or glomerulonephritis can occur. These complications are extremely rare in developed nations but remain a significant problem in poorer nations.
Star Magic, Inc., formerly ABS-CBN Talent Center, is ABS CBN’s homebased training and management program. It was designed to assist young talent in the Philippines. It opened in 1992. Star Magic is currently home to many Filipino celebrities headed by television and film director Johnny Manahan.
Star Magic performers undergo training in acting, personality development and physical enhancement prior to being cast in the television shows of ABS-CBN and the films of Star Cinema, as well as other film projects in the Philippines, commercial projects and corporate events.
[Photo courtesy of PEP.]
Star Cinema’s 16th Anniversary Movie Offering and the comeback movie of the Star for All Season, Ms. Vilma Santos wity Luis Manzano and John Lloyd Cruz:
IN MY LIFE
on September 16, 2009
Video courtesy of Youtube.